By definition

Ayurveda word comes from the roots "ayur" meaning life and "veda" meaning knowledge.

Principles

The first principle of Ayurveda says that body and mind are interconnected, and the second principle is that the mind is powerful enough to heal the body. The body is cured of illnesses only when one's awareness of the self expands, and the vice versa is also true that a depressed and weak awareness can create complexities of health.

Body Types in Ayurveda

In Ayurveda, one’s individual nature is mirrored in their body type, aka dosha, which reflect 3 main governing principles of nature i.e. Vata (air), Pita (fire), and Kapha (earth-water). Every individual has one dosha that is more dominant than the others, depending on the prakriti or "natural constitution" of the person. Factors that influence the doshas include age, diet and climate.

Vata Dosha

  • It is the most powerful of all three doshas and controls very basic body functions, like how cells divide. It also controls your mind, breathing, blood flow, heart function, and ability to get rid of waste through your intestines.

  • Things that can disrupt it include eating again too soon after a meal, fear, grief, and staying up too late.

  • If vatadosha is your main life force, you’re more likely to develop conditions like anxiety, asthma, heart disease, skin problems, and rheumatoid arthritis.

Pitta Dosha

  • This energy controls your digestion, metabolism (how well you break down foods), and certain hormones that are linked to your appetite.

  • Things that can disrupt it are eating sour or spicy foods and spending too much time in the sun.

  • If it’s your main life force, you’re more likely to develop conditions like Crohn’s disease, heart disease, high blood pressure, and infections.

 Kapha Dosha

  • This life force controls muscle growth, body strength and stability, weight, and your immune system.

  • You can disrupt it by sleeping during the day, eating too many sweet foods, and eating or drinking things that contain too much salt or water.

  • If it’s your main life energy, you may develop asthma and other breathing disorders, cancer, diabetes, nausea after eating, and obesity.

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